Marijuana: What is the Medical Importance of Cannabis ?

The medical use of marijuana, obtained from plant Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica, includes relieving symptoms of certain diseases and conditions. This plant has been used for medicinal purposes around the world for centuries. Strong opinions, including both pros and cons, exist related to medical importance of marijuana. Some traditional uses, off label uses and more cropped up researches in regard to this plant are summed up in this article.

Types of Cannabis
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Active ingredients

THC or Tetra-hydro-cannabinol is the psychoactive component in marijuana. It is responsible for the euphoria people feel after taking it. There are two synthetic forms of this drug called dronabinol and nabilone that are manmade. These are strong anti-emetic and approved from FDA for people receiving chemotherapy to prevent nausea and vomiting.

CBD or cannabidiol is another component in marijuana which is not psychoactive in nature and is thought to have the majority of the medicinal benefits. A CBD oil extract named Epidiolex is umdergoing clinical trials for its capability to treat epilepsy.

Nabiximol is a specific plant extract with an equal ratio of THC and CBD. It is approved as a drug in the UK and elsewhere in Europe for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, spasticity, neuropathic pain, overactive bladder and other indications.

Medical marijuana products are available with a huge range of THC and CBD concentrations. Expert opinion states that 10mg of THC should be considered “one serving” and a person new to medical marijuana should inhale or consume no more until they know their individual response.

marijuana benefits
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Benefits

THC vs CBD
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Is marijuana legal?

Some states in USA have legalized marijuana for medical purposes and with multiple restrictions. Few states such as Colorado and California, have legalized recreational use of marijuana as well. However, it is classified as a Schedule I substance by the Federal Drug Administration. Therefore, it is illegal at the Federal level. In almost all states where recreational use has not become legal, a prescription, authorization, or medical recommendation is strictly required and a license is issued to the person.

How can you get marijuana?

In states where cannabis is legal, dispensaries and pharmacies often sell marijuana products in a variety of forms. Medical marijuana is available in edible form such as candies or gums, oils and extracts, and as the plant which can be smoked or powder to be inhaled. You must have a medical marijuana card before they will sell you these products. How people can obtain a marijuana card or license varies from state to state. It either require a prescription from a licensed pharmacist or a doctor.

Is marijuana “addictive?”

If it is taken as recommended and in low therapeutic doses, there are very less chances of addiction of this drug. Concerns about psychological dependence are in heavy consumers and in case of marijuana abuse.

Precautions:

Side effects of cannabis are minimal if it is used at low doses but in some cases, you may feel one of the following inconveniences: Dry mouth, fatigue and lethargy, dizziness, paranoia, mood swings and hallucinations.

There are concerns about side effects of marijuana in adolescents because the risks of brain damage are greater in immature neurological system. These issues include increased risk of schizophrenia and brain fog.

Kratom: Is This a Nootropic Remedy to the Opiod Crisis?

If you read health newspapers or visit nutritional supplements stores, you may have come across kratom. It is a supplement available in market as an energy booster, mood enhancer, pain reliever and antidote for withdrawal symptoms of opioids.

Kratom comes from the leaves of an evergreen tree named Mitragyna speciose, grown in Southeast Asia. Kratom is available in powder form to brew or swallow, leaves extract and also in raw leaves form to chew. Kratom extract is used to make liquid syrups of different concentrations. You can get these from specific retail pharmacies or vitamin shops by a prescription to treat muscle pain or spasms, to repress appetite and cure diarrhea. Kratom is also marketed as a therapy for panic attacks.

How does it work?

Kratom contains a chemical substance in it named mitragynine. It works just like analgesic opioid drugs for example codeine and morphine.

It mainly works by acting on brain opioid receptors. Kratom acts as a brain stimulant when taken in small doses and makes the person feel more active mentally and physically. At moderate dose, it works as a strong analgesic and relives pain plus makes you feel relaxed. When taken in higher doses, kratom works as a tranquilizer and makes consumer sleepy. Some traditional medicine practitioners consider kratom as a substitute for opium.

Some people consume kratom to treat opioid withdrawal symptoms because kratom is easily available than prescription only opioid analgesics.

Is Kratom effective
Is Kratom effective?

Kratom benefits:

·         This drug has gained attention of the american populace over the last 10 years. People who consume this substance often, claim that it may act as a nootropics agent by increasing serotonin and dopamine levels in brain. According to some studies, it works as a brain stimulant and makes menial tasks enjoyable. It also works as an anti-depressant and anti-anxiolytic medicine, to reduce symptoms of stress and anxiety in patients.

Benefits of  kratom

Dosing:

An expedient dose of kratom depends on several factors like age and health of the user and also their medical history. Right now, there is a scarcity of enough scientific studies detailing reasonable range of doses for this drug. It is a fact that natural ingredients are not always safe and free from side effects. Therefore, a proper regimen for use is very important. Always remember to follow instructions written on label of product and consult your pharmacist or other healthcare professional and discuss about its pros and cons before taking this drug.

Kratom should be consumed in moderate doses because at higher doses may cause breathing difficulty, seizures, termers and hepatic damage. Due to above and some other serious safety hazards, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) continuously keeps warning people to avoid using certain products containing high concentrations of  kratom.

Side effects:

Kratom can cause many side effects when taken orally, such as, stupefaction, nausea, vomiting, dryness or numbness inside of your mouth, frequent urination, constipation or bloating, GIT distress, hallucinations and delusions and thyroid problems

Safety and Precautions:

·        An important thing to be aware of is that if you consume this drug on daily basis, it can cause dependence to your brain and body. People who often use kratom in larger quantities and then suddenly stop taking it may experience some withdrawal symptoms like loss of appetite, severe diarrhea , muscle spasms and consistent pain, muscle twitches, swollen eyes, nervousness, insomnia, disorientation, aggression and increased body temperature.

Bottom Line:

It is an old saying that a coin has two sides. This rule applies here as well. No doubt that there are some significant advantages of kratom but one should avoid excessive use of this nootropic. After all, it is a drug and overdose can lead to serious health damage.

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